Harmonica was originated in Europe in the early part of the 19th century. Free-reed instruments like the Chinese sheng were somewhat familiar in Asia since ancient times. They enhanced almost well known in Europe after being proposed by the French Jesuit Jean Joseph Marie Amiot (1718–1793), who lived in Qing-era China.
The harmonica is also recognised as a French harp or mouth organ. It is a free reed wind instrument utilised globally in several musical genres, prominently in blues, American folk music, country, rock, classical music, jazz. There are several varieties of harmonica, including diatonic, chromatic, tremolo, octave, orchestral, and bass versions. A harmonica is operated by utilising the mouth (lips and tongue) to deliver air into or out of one or more holes along with a mouthpiece. Behind every hole is a chamber comprising at least one reed. A harmonica reed is a smooth elongated spring typically constructed of brass, stainless steel, or bronze, which is obtained at one end above a slot that accepts as an airway. During the free end is started to vibrate by the player's air, it alternately blocks and unblocks the airway to create sound.
The essential parts of the harmonica are the comb, reed plates, cover plates, Windsavers and Mouthpiece.
The various types of Harmonica are there: Chromatic harmonica, Diatonic harmonicas, Tremolo-tuned harmonica, Orchestral harmonicas, Orchestral melody harmonica, Chord harmonica, ChengGong harmonica, Pitch pipe.
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