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Violins

Violins

Violin is also known as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin group. Most violins have a curved wooden body. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the class in normal use. Smaller violin-type instruments exist, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually unused. The violin typically has four strings, normally tuned in excellent fifths with notes G3, D4, A4, E5, and is familiar commonly presented by drawing a bow behind its strings, though it can also be described by plucking the strings with the fingers and by striking the strings including the wooden side of the bow.

Violins are prominent instruments in a broad class of musical styles. They are several outstanding in the Western classical tradition, both in groups and as solo instruments and in several variations of folk music, including country music, bluegrass music and in jazz. Electric violins with solid bodies and piezoelectric pickups are accepted in some styles of rock music and jazz fusion, with the pickups, secured into instrument amplifiers and speakers to create sound. Further, the violin has become to be presented in various non-Western music cultures, including Indian music and Iranian music. The name fiddle is usually used despite the variety of music played on it.

The components of a violin are normally constructed from various types of wood. Violins can be strung with gut, Perlon or separate synthetic, or steel strings. A person who performs or repairs violins is described as a luthier or violinmaker. One who produces or repairs bows is called an archetieror bowmaker.